Earth Water Air Fire Life

The Elements

The Elements

Earth

Solid Waste: The WEB Block Building Block

Waste composition is categorized as organic, paper, plastic, glass, metals, and ‘other.’ An important component that needs to be considered is ‘construction and demolition waste’ (C&D), such as building rubble, concrete and masonry. In some cities this can represent as much as 40% of the total waste stream. As a country urbanizes and populations become wealthier, consumption of inorganic materials (such as plastics, paper, and aluminum) increases, while the relative organic fraction decreases. Generally, low and middle-income countries have a high percentage of organic matter in the urban waste stream, ranging from 40 to 85% of the total. Paper, plastic, glass, and metal fractions increase in the waste stream.

Waste Wood Cellulose Insulation and Waste Plastic Reinforcements

Celulose Insulation

Celulose Insulation

Plastic Bonded Basalt Fibre Reinforcements

Plastic Bonded Basalt Fibre Reinforcements

Waste Plastic Fibre Core Basalt Fibre Reinforcements

Waste Plastic Fibre Core Basalt Fibre Reinforcements

Water

Anaerobic Wastewater Digestion

Nutrient Rich Wastewater 

Nutrient Rich Wastewater 

Anaerobic digestion is a series of biological processes in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. One of the end products is biogas, which is combusted to generate electricity and heat, or can be processed into renewable natural gas and transportation fuels. A range of anaerobic digestion technologies are converting livestock manure, municipal wastewater solids, food waste, high strength industrial wastewater and residuals, fats, oils and grease (FOG), and various other organic waste streams into biogas, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Separated digested solids can be composted, utilized for dairy bedding, directly applied to cropland or converted into other products. Nutrients in the liquid stream are used in agriculture as fertilizers.

Canada has one of the largest renewable water supplies in the world, an average of 3,472 km3 per year. Rivers, lakes and marine areas are routinely used to dispose of industrial and urban waste waste water. 

Air

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Atmospheric Waste

Like efficient new heating systems or new sources of renewable energy, using high levels of insulation from waste sources is relatively inexpensive and safely sequester(s) CO2. Once installed, it requires no maintenance. WEB Block build principles applies to all greenhouse gasses.
WEB Block structural system enables sub design directions that propose solutions to the mainstream problems of water, air food and land pollution.

Fire

Foundation scale thermal storage battery lagoon and digester.

Foundation scale thermal storage battery lagoon and digester.

Storing energy in the form of heat can store roughly 12 kWh of energy.

An average water heater storage costs around $1000.00.  In many cases an existing foundation/lagoon can also be connected to the grid. In this way, a water storage works like a kind of battery.
Storing energy in the form of heat can store roughly 12 kWh of energy. An average water heater storage costs around $1000.00, though in many cases an existing foundation/lagoon can also be grid connected. By comparison, a Tesla home battery stores just 7k Wh of energy and costs more than $5,000.

Methane gas from sanitary waste

Methane gas from sanitary waste

Solar Thermal

Solar Thermal

Solid state Seebeck thermal electric energy

Solid state Seebeck thermal electric energy

Energy Storage: Thermal water storage works like a kind of universal renewables battery . Storing energy in the form of heat can store roughly 12 kWh of energy. An average water

heater storage costs around $1000.00 In many cases an existing foundation lagoon can also be connected to the grid. In this way, a water storage works like a kind of battery.
Storing energy in the form of heat can store roughly 12 kWh of energy. An average water heater storage costs around $1000.00, though in many cases an existing foundation/lagoon can also be grid connected. By comparison, a Tesla home battery stores just 7k Wh of energy and costs more than $5,000.

Life

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Increasing numbers in population and demand for food and resources, threats to

agricultural production, pests, loss of soil fertility, and a lack of nutrients means low

percentage of plants to harvest with poor nutritional value. Waste byproduct sources of

robust fertility completes the cycle and supports global biodiversity.

John Todd Ocean Arks International